BRONZE TO STEEL ARTICLE   STEEL SWORDS

 

TO BRONZE WEAPONS PAGE 1

 
     
  31.
Bronze Battle Axe
Period:
Western Zhou (B.C.1046-B.C.770)
Collection:
Cultural Relics and Archaeology Research Institute of Henan Province
Dimensions:
Length 17.0 cm, tang length 3.8 cm, tang width 5.0 cm, edge width 12.7 cm.

This weapon has an incomplete tang and a flat shoulder that widens towards the edge and resembles an arc-shaped edge. There is a circular hole in the middle of the tang and the shoulder has a symmetrically rectangular peg-hole. The upper part of the battleaxe is decorated with three circles followed by three triangles.
     
  32.
Ancient Bronze Battle axe with One-Legged Dragon
Period:
Western Zhou (B.C.1046-B.C.770)
Collection:
Henan Museum
Dimensions:
Length 15.0 cm, edge width 10.5 cm, tang length 4.4 cm, tang width 4.6 cm.

The battleaxe has a big hole, an arc-shaped edge and wide tang. On the shoulder are two long stripe-shaped peg-holes. There is a lan and a rectangular tang with one peg-hole on the upper part. Between the two ends of the arc-edge and the two lan is the design of a one-legged dragon.
   
     
  33.
Bronze Dagger-Axe with Triangular body
Period:
Shang Dynasty (B.C.1600-B.C.1046)
Collection:
Sanmenxia Museum
Dimensions:
Length 19.0 cm, tang length 6.7 cm, yuan width 6.9 cm, hole diameter 1.0cm.

This bronze dagger-axe has a wide triangular yuan. There are rectangular peg-holes on both sides at the back of the yuan. In the middle of the straight rectangular tang there is a circular peg-hole. The yuan has a ridge.
     
  34.
Bronze Dagger-Axe with Whirl Motif
Period:
Shang Dynasty (B.C.1600-B.C.1046)
Collection:
Henan Museum
Dimensions: Length 20.3 cm, width 7.2 cm.

The blade is elongated near the point. The yuan (long strip on the edge) is short and narrow and the hu (curved area turning from the edge to the hilt) is not apparent. There is an upper and lower lan (part connecting the tang) and a straight tang. The tang has a circular peg-hole at the end, while one face features a whirl design and the other face features a character.
     
  35.
Bronze Dagger-Axe with One-legged Dragon and Straight Tang
Period:
Shang Dynasty (B.C.1600-B.C.1046)
Collection:
Henan Museum
Dimensions:
Length 22.0 cm, width 10.2 cm.
There is a wide triangular yuan. The central part has a ridge and straight tang. The yuan and tang each has a circular peg-hole. On the top and bottom of the is a stripe-shaped peg-hole. The end of the tang features two one-legged dragons, inlaid with turquoise.
 
     
  36.
Bronze Spear head with inscription ‘止’
Period:
Shang Dynasty (B.C.1600-B.C.1046)
Collection:
Zhengzhou Museum
Dimensions:
Length 18.8 cm, yuan length 12.7 cm, tang length 6.1 cm.

The yuan features an isosceles triangle while the two edges converge to form a point that is round and blunt. In the middle of the back of the yuan is a round peg-hole. There is a flat rectangle peg-hole on each shoulder at the end of the yuan. The tang is straight. Along the sides are concave troughs. The tang has a rhombus peg-hole and one face of the bronze Kui is inscribed with the Chinese character ‘止’. The edge has many chips showing traces of usage. The Kui is an ancient weapon that belongs to the group of dagger-axes. It is a special kind of dagger-axe with a straight tang. During the Shang and Zhou Dynasties they were widely cast.
     
  37.
Bronze Dagger-Axe with Elongated Point
Period:
Western Zhou (B.C.1046-B.C.770)
Collection:
Sanmenxia Museum
Dimensions:
Length 20.0 cm, yuan width 7.1 cm, tang length 3.8 cm.

The point is in an isosceles triangle shape. The main part of the yuan is wider than the end of the yuan. It has a ridge in the middle, and the main part of the yuan features a dragon pattern. The tang has a peg-hole, while the peg-hole at the end of the tang is incomplete.
     
  38.
Bronze Dagger-Axe
Period:
Western Zhou (B.C.1046-B.C.770)
Collection:
Sanmenxia Museum
Dimensions:
Length 22.9 cm, yuan width 7 cm, tang length 8.3 cm

The point is in an isosceles triangle shape. The main body of the yuan is wider than the end of the yuan. It has a ridge, and the main part of the yuan features a dragon pattern. The tang has a peg-hole.
     
  39.
Bronze Dagger-Axe inscribed with Chinese Character ‘舌’
Period:
Shang Dynasty (B.C.1600-B.C.1046)
Collection:
Zhengzhou Museum
Dimensions:
Length 24.3 cm, tang length 5.9 cm

The dagger-axe has a lan and a straight tang that appears in a long-stripe shape. The front part of the yuan is narrow and the back part is wide. Both sides of the dagger are edged and sharp. There is a slightly raised ridge in the centre of the yuan. Between the yuan and the tang are the upper and lower lan. The tang is narrower than the yuan and both faces of the tang are inscribed with the Chinese character ‘舌’ . The dagger-axe is cast exquisitely and was one of the most common weapons in the Shang and Zhou Dynasties. It was called a hook weapon in ancient times (i.e.) it was a weapon for ‘hooking’ enemies.
     
  40.
Bronze Dagger-Axe
Period:
Shang Dynasty (B.C.1600-B.C.1046)
Collection:
Sanmenxia Museum
Dimensions:
Length 24.4 cm, tang length 5.9 cm, yuan width 5.2 cm, hole diameter 1.0cm.

This bronze dagger-axe has a long yuan, a straight tang, a lan and no hu. Both sides of the yuan are slightly ridged in the middle, while the tang has a circular peg-hole in the middle. The back part of the tang is curved and spiked.
     
  41.
Bronze Dagger-Axe with Curved Tang and Zoomorphic Motif
Period:
Shang Dynasty (B.C.1600-B.C.1046)
Collection:
Zhengzhou Museum
Dimensions:
Length 25.6 cm, inner length 7.8 cm

This bronze dagger-ax has a lan and crooked tang. The yuan is long, narrow and tongue shaped. The point is round and blunt and the end is wide. There is a ridge and the end of the yuan has a circular peg-hole. There is a short lan on top and below. The tang is narrow compared with the yuan, with a circular peg-hole in the middle, while the end is crooked and droopy; both faces of the tang are decorated with taotie (a ferocious mythical beast), which has clear and smooth lines.
Dagger-axes were one of the most common weapons in the Shang and Zhou Dynasties. It was called a hook weapon in ancient times (i.e.) it was a weapon that ‘hooked’ enemies.
     
  42.
Bronze Halberd with Turquoise Inlay
Period:
Western Zhou (A.C.1046-A.C.770)
Collection:
Henan Museum
Dimensions:
Length 17.4 cm, tang length 7.4 cm, tang width 3.5 cm.

The back of the dagger-axe is well preserved, while the front of the iron edge and point are incomplete. The existing iron edge is inserted in a 9cm bronze yuan. The bottom part of the hu has a stripe-shaped peg-hole and the upper lan has a horizontal peg-hole. The tang is rectangle and has a chip at the bottom and a horizontal peg-hole in the middle. The back of the yuan features a turquoise dragon pattern inlay. The tang features a turquoise cirrus cloud pattern inlay.
     
  43.
Bronze Halberd with Cirrus Cloud Motif
Period:
Western Zhou (A.C.1046-A.C.770)
Collection:
Henan Museum
Dimensions:
Length 23.7 cm, tang length 7.7 cm, tang width 3.6 cm.

The yuan raises towards the top and the point resembles an elongated and pointed shape. There is a long hu and lower lan. The tang is in rectangle shape and the lower part has a chip. One face of the hu has curved design and both faces of tang has cirrus cloud design.
 
     
  44.
Bronze Halberd with Pattern motif
Period:
Western Zhou (A.C.1046-A.C.770)
Collection:
Sanmenxia Museum
Dimensions:
Length 24.1 cm, tang length 8.5 cm, yuan length 15.4 cm, lan length 11.8 cm.

The point is triangular and the yuan rises upwards. The point edge and yuan edge are both sharp. It has a long hu with five peg-holes. The main part of the yuan has two peg-holes and the tang has one.
     
  45.
Huang Ji Tuo’s Father’s Bronze Halberd
Period:
Spring and Autumn Period (A.C.770-A.C.476)
Collection:
Henan Museum
Dimensions:
Length 25.2 cm, tang length 7.6 cm, tang width 3.1 cm.

The yuan rises towards the top, while the point is elongated. It has a ridge. Near the lan there is one semi-circular and three vertical-stripe peg-holes. It also has a lower lan. The tang is rectangular in shape with a horizontal peg-hole at the top and has a carved tiger pattern; the tiger body design features a fine cloud and thunder pattern. The rim of the tang is carved with six characters.
The dagger-axe is well crafted and reflects the level of bronze casting of the small state of Huang in Jianghuai during the Spring and Autumn Period.
     
  46.
 Bronze Halberd with Dragon and Phoenix Relief
Period:
Spring and Autumn Period (A.C.770-A.C.476)
Collection:
Henan Museum
Dimensions:
Length 22.2 cm, yuan width 3.2 cm, tang width 3.2 cm.

This is a dagger-axe with elongated and pointed yuan, short hu and two peg-holes. The point is elongated. It has a ridge and at the back of hu are two vertical peg-hole. It has a lower lan and tang is rectangular. Both faces of the tang are cast with elephant design. The intersection of the upper part of the lan and ridge has a group of dragon and phoenix relief.
 

 

 
     
  47.
Bronze Halberd with Hollowed Out Dragon and Tiger Design
Period:
Spring and Autumn Period (A.C.770-A.C.476)
Collection:
Henan Museum
Dimensions:
Length 20.0 cm, width 12.0 cm.

There is an elongated and pointed yuan in the front part. Both the yuan and the hu have a circular rim. There is no edge and the concave middle features a coiled double-faced dragon. The tang is cast in a tiger shape, the back part is rolled up and the front part becomes a lan. Between the hu and the tang is a circular peg-hole featuring the design of a one-legged dragon.
This dagger-axe is an ancient weapon of unique design, delicate and exquisitely crafted. It is a fine work of bronze craftsmanship from the Spring and Autumn Period.
 
     
  48.
Huang Jun Meng Bronze Halberd
Period:
Spring and Autumn Period (B.C.770-B.C.476)
Collection:
Henan Museum
Dimensions:
Length 22.8 cm, yuan length 18.8 cm, yuan width 3.9 cm.

The yuan rises upward and the point is keen. It has a ridge and three semi-circular, vertical peg-holes near the lan. It also has a lower lan and a tang with a horizontal peg-hole. Seven characters are inscribed on the hu: ‘Huang Jun Meng’s first dagger-axe’, according to which it is a personal weapon of King Meng of the state of Huang.
     
  49.
Bronze Halberd ‘for Xuan Fu’
Period:
Warring States Period (B.C.475-B.C.221)
Collection:
Henan Museum
Dimensions:
Length 22.5 cm, yuan length 13.5 cm, tang length 8.7 cm.

The yuan is raised upwards. It has a sharp point, a ridge and a long hu, with no upper lan but a lower lan. There are four peg-holes between the lan and the hu. The tang is rectangular and has a barb at the lower corner and a horizontal peg-hole. Both faces on the back of the tang feature an intaglio of a pair of birds. One face features five seal characters and a bird design. The design of the dagger-axe is complete and well preserved. The seal characters and bird design are slim and smooth, precious data for understanding and studying ancient weapons and calligraphic art.
     
  50. 51. 52.
A set of three Halberds
Period:
Warring States Period (B.C.475-B.C.221)
Collection:
Henan Museum
Dimensions:
Length 18.5 cm, lan length 12.7 cm, yuan length 17.4 cm.

This is composed of three dagger-axes that are basically identical. It has a narrow yuan that appears to be long and thin, and has a sharp point with a long narrow hu. There are three long stripe peg-holes at the lan and a circular peg-hole in the upper part. The upper lan has a sharp barb. There is also a short tang.
     
  53. 54.
A set of two Bronze Halberds
Period:
Warring States Period (B.C.475-B.C.221)
Collection:
Cultural Relics and Archaeology Research Institute of Henan Province.

The longer halberd has a long yuan which is slightly curved. The ridge of the yuan is obvious and the point is keen. The radian between the yuan and the hu is large. The lower part of the hu is a square corner. The base of the yuan has a circular peg-hole. Beside the hu are three rectangular peg-holes. The straight tang has a rectangular peg-hole, while the lower corner of the tang is round and droops. The hu has a seal character inscription reading ‘Halberd used by Ping Ye Jun’. It has a total length of 33.0 cm, a yuan is 22.0 cm long, a yuan width of 2.6 cm, a hu length of 12.8 cm and tang length of 11.0 cm.

The yuan of the second halberd is short and slightly curved. The ridge of the yuan is obvious and the point is sharp. There is a large radian between the yuan and hu. The lower part of the hu is a square corner. The root of the yuan has a circular peg-hole. Beside the hu are three rectangular peg-holes. The hu has a seal character inscription reading ‘Halberd used by Ping Ye Jun’.
     
  55.
Bronze Spear head with Long-Blade Edge
Period:
Shang Dynasty (B.C.1600-B.C.1046)
Collection:
Henan Museum
Dimensions:
Length 24.0 cm, width 6.1 cm, base-mouth length 3.5 cm, width 2.5 cm.

There is a long-blade edge, and arc-shaped wings two wings protract from the lower part. Below the blade each has a hole and the base is in a rhombus shape. In the middle of the spear there is a leaf-shaped decoration. One face features a linen pattern and some cinnabar.
     
  56.
Western Zhou Bronze Spear head
Period:
Western Zhou (A.C.1046-A.C.770)
Collection:
Sanmenxia Museum
Dimensions:
Length 29.7 cm, blade width 3.5 cm, peg-hole diameter 2.3 cm.

The spear is in the shape of a willow leaf, the point is shallow and the blade is narrow. There is a semi-circular raised ridge, and it has a long base with two symmetrical peg-holes. The peg-hole features a circle.
     
  57.
Bronze Dagger-Axe with Straight Tang
Period:
Spring and Autumn Period (A.C.770-A.C.476)
Collection:
Zhengzhou Museum
Dimensions:
Length 27.1 cm.

It has a straight tang, while the yuan is narrow in front and wide at the back. The middle is ridged, and the point is round. The back of the yuan draws inwards. The tang that connects the yuan extends upwards and downwards forming the lan. There are three nipple-nails on the tang, while the rim of the tang is rather thick. The dagger-axe was called a hook weapon in ancient times (i.e.) it was a weapon that ‘hooked’ enemies.
     
  58.
Bronze Spear head
Period:
Spring and Autumn Period (B.C.770-B.C.476)
Collection:
Cultural Relics and Archaeology Research Institute of Henan Province
Dimensions:
Length 10.8 cm, pipe diameter 3.2 cm.

This weapon is incomplete. The head of the long pole is triangular while the middle of the edge is thin and curved. The lower part of the edge has an animal face. The circular tube is hollow and there is a hoop at the back. There are three rows of nipple-nails on the pipe and a square-like peg-hole. The head of the long pole is decorated with an animal-face relief.
     
  59.
Inwards Curved Edge Bronze Spear
Period:
Spring and Autumn Period (A.C.770-A.C.476)
Collection:
Cultural Relics and Archaeology Research Institute of Henan Province
Dimensions:
Length 26.5 cm, wing width 5.4xm, base-mouth diameter 2.8 cm.

The size is big and the spear blade is rather thin. The two wings draw in at the end forming a straight line and then curve. The central ridge is hexagon shaped and the round base is hollow. The front part of the base has an irregularly shaped peg-hole and a button at the back.
     
  60.
Bronze spear
Period: Warring States Period (B.C.475-B.C.221)
Collection:
Cultural Relics and Archaeology Research Institute of Henan Province.


The spear has a triangular point and wide leaf-shape with double-faced edge. The point is keen and the central ridge is convex, while the lateral wings are stretched out and the back part is cylindrical. The lower central part has a circular peg-hole. This weapon extends to 14.5 cm in length and is 3.2cm wide.
     
       

 

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